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Home » Parents - Children » 7-18 » Immunization and Childhood Diseases
  Immunization and Childhood Diseases

Children are more at risk of contracting communicable diseases because of their age, their personal hygiene and because of close contact with other children. Some childhood diseases can be very dangerous and sometimes fatal. In Ontario, children can receive vaccines against most childhood diseases free of charge.

Usually, children are immunized at an early age. However, between the ages of 14 and 16 they will need a booster for diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (due 10 years after they’ve received their 4-6 year vaccine). In Grade 7, children will be able to receive the hepatitis B and meningitis vaccines free of charge at their school. Girls in Grade 8 can receive the HPV vaccine free of charge at their school. Beginning in 2016-2017, the HPV vaccine will be administered free of charge to girls and boys in Grade 7.

Immunization Requirements for Children Enrolled in Schools

Having up-to-date immunizations helps protect your child from vaccine-preventable diseases, and also helps reduce the risk of disease outbreaks in your child’s school.

Ontario’s Immunization of School Pupils Act requires parents to provide proof of immunization or appropriate exemption documents if their child is enrolled in school. It also requires the Eastern Ontario Health Unit (EOHU) to review immunization records and contact parents of children for whom they do not have complete records. Children whose records are not complete may be suspended from school until their immunization records are complete.

To keep your child’s immunization record up to date, you are responsible for informing the EOHU every time your child receives a vaccine. Your healthcare provider does not provide this information. If you aren’t sure whether your child’s immunization record is up to date, the EOHU can review your child’s record with you.

To report that your child has received a vaccine, or to find out whether your child’s immunization record is up to date, call the EOHU at 613-933-1375 or 1 800 267-7120 and ask for Health Line.

Childhood Diseases

Immunization Clinics: You can get routine vaccines for children at the weekly Immunization Clinics.

Adacel TM Vaccine (Healthful)

Common Cold vs. Influenza (Flu) - Healthful

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) (Healthful)

Handwashing: Infection Prevention - Healthful

Influenza: Avoiding the Spread (Healthful)

Measles (Healthful)

Meningococcal Meningitis (Healthful)

Tips for Preventing the Spread of Infection at Home (Healthful)

What Is Scabies? (Healthful)

Canadian Paediatric Society

Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care / Immunization


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