Choosing infant formula
If you have made the informed decision to feed your baby with infant formula (also known as Artificial Baby Milk or bottle feeding), please consult the information in this section. It’s important to know how to feed your baby and to safely prepare and store infant formula. If you have questions, speak to your primary care provider.
Types of infant formula
Infant formula comes in three forms:
- Liquid concentrate
Ready-to-feed and liquid concentrate infant formulas are strongly recommended for babies who are:
- Under 2 months
- Low birth weight
You must choose a cow’s milk-based iron-fortified infant formula, unless advised otherwise by your primary healthcare provider.
NOTE: Cow’s milk is NOT a substitute for infant formula and should never be given to a baby under 9 months old.
- Never switch the type or brand of infant formula before talking to your primary healthcare provider.
- Always buy and use infant formula by the indicated expiry date and make sure the can is clean and has no dents. Carefully read the label.
- Do not add cereal to your baby’s bottle. Adding cereal may lead to inappropriate weight gain for your baby.
- Additional vitamin supplements aren’t usually needed unless you’re advised otherwise by your primary healthcare provider.
- Babies who are only fed infant formula do not require a vitamin D supplement because the infant formula contains vitamin D. However, infants who are partially breastfed should receive a vitamin D supplement of 10µg (400 IU). They should get this amount regardless of their average infant formula intake.